Old tourist centers beg to expel tourists away
UNESCO is preparing to add Venice to the list of endangered sites if the tourist flow to the city is not reduced to reasonable limits…
Not only the historical and cultural center can disappear, but the entire locality itself. Since the heyday of mass tourism in the 50s of the last century, the population of the city of canals has decreased fourfold, and now it is home to less than 50 thousand people. They physically do not have time to repair, maintain and develop Venice, while the city does not have enough money to attract migrant workers for these purposes.
As Venetian old-timers recall, they used to have a legal rest period between tourist seasons. Time to clean up the city, repair the gondolas, restore the sights and spend the money wisely. Now tourists stream through Venice all year round, take millions of selfies, buy two Souvenirs and a bottle of wine and leave the next morning. No one can earn money, everyone suffers from an overabundance of people, infrastructure is on the verge of collapse and instead of cordiality, anger accumulates in their hearts. Especially when another cruise ship misses the pier, causing panic and destruction, as it was last month.
The people of Rome, Amsterdam, Bruges, Paris and Santorini are in full solidarity with the Venetians, and they were so disappointed in Dubrovnik that they were allowed to use the old streets of the city for the filming of “Game of thrones”! If we ignore emotions, the problem is that the previous global model of tourism has outlived its usefulness so much that it has started to bring losses instead of benefits. It is based on a simple rule “The more tourists come, the better”, but assessing the situation only on economic indicators leads to disaster. Social, environmental, cultural-choose to your taste.
According to the UN, 1.4 billion tourists travel around the world every year. And they do not appreciate what they get, and therefore do not want to take any responsibility. If a middle-income person can easily afford to fly with a low-cost airline across a continent for $20-50, then for him it will not be a dream trip, but just a way to spend the weekend. And such a tourist will definitely not spend a lot of money at the resort, respect local traditions, follow the unwritten rules. They are official-that the laws are respected only under fear of a fine!
Among the problems that put traditional tourist centers on the verge of destruction, the dominant one is the frenzied traffic. In Thailand, they simply closed the beach from the movie of the same name with Leonardo DiCaprio to give the ecosystem a chance to recover. The Philippine island of Boracay was also closed entirely for a big cleanup, the legendary “Red quarter” of Amsterdam is being closed, and Barcelona is threatening to close the port for tourist liners. Let the tourists come, let them, but little by little, and not in whole hordes!
In second place is the issue of renting real estate, where modern online services have entered into an unspoken war with hoteliers and the local population. For example, in Paris, 60 thousand apartments have actually disappeared from the market, because they are rented only through Airbnb. In Amsterdam, there are 19.6 thousand of them, in Barcelona-18.3 thousand, in Venice-8.5 thousand, and this is only according to official data. On the one hand, guests save money, and local people earn directly, but on the other hand, there is a typical “Crimean syndrome”. There is demand and supply, but regulation is zero.
Imagine a city on the shore of the warm sea, where only 10-15% of the population is engaged in the tourism sector, and the rest have a normal life. But once the holiday season begins, and now every room, and the whole house, is now rented exclusively on a daily basis and for a lot of money. And I don’t care that there aren’t many people who want to win – the desire to hit the jackpot overshadows the mind. But it is impossible for visiting professionals or young people who need to work and live in the city to find housing for several years on reasonable terms. As a result, tourist cities lose their population following the infrastructure and former charm. It would seem that the solution is obvious – do not feed the parasite, it will die. But Venice, Barcelona, and Amsterdam themselves can no longer remake themselves so easily, so they ask for help from outside.
Source: http://tourweek.ru/articles/world/311102 / © Tourweek.ru